What I Do

Tim Waring, School of Economics, Mitchell Center for Sustainable Solutions,  University of Maine

I study human culture and cooperation in relationship to the environment. In particular, I study how social norms, institutions and societies evolve, and how they are influenced by ecological and social forces. I strive to use this research to learn how to better build durable, sustainable and just institutions and societies. I use experimental economics and agent-based modeling to explore these connections, and work with lot of wonderful people.

Cooperation is a key component of fair and sustainable resource management. We therefore need to understand the forces that guide human cooperation.  My research has explored the dynamics of human cooperation in traditional irrigation systems in southern India, in university-citizen relationships, and in the laboratory.

Evolution of Sustainability
Human culture evolves, and co-evolves with the environment and the resources that people depend on. Our institutions develop in part in response to our resources but our resources depend upon how our institutions manage them. So we have a “chicken and the egg” problem in our quest to understand how sustainable societies arise. I lead a national network for the application of the evolutionary science of culture and cooperation to the study of social-ecological system sustainability. Our group is working to build new  models of the co-evolution of human institutions with environmental factors. We are working to apply related insights to the fields of agriculture, forestry, fisheries and other natural resource sectors that benefit Maine and the world.

Local Food Organizations
I also lead a five year research project on the evolution of local food organizations.  This project first seeks to understand the some of the challenges facing local food organizations by studying the patterns of cooperation, preferences, and organizational structure in local food organizations over time. This data will be used to find non-intuitive factors and dynamics that influence the success of local food businesses and groups. The goal is to deliver best-practice advice and policy input on strategies for growing a local food industry that strengthens regional economies, supports agricultural practices that benefit the environment, and grows a culture of engagement in food production, distribution and consumption.

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